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China's Internet censors are hard at work these days, shutting down blogs the government doesn't like and filtering Web sites and e-mail messages for banned words and phrases like "democracy" and "free Tibet. Yahoo provided information about its users' e-mail accounts that helped the authorities convict dissidents, according to Chinese lawyers.
In December, Microsoft closed a popular blog by an outspoken Chinese journalist known for his comments about restrictions on the press. Cisco Systems has supplied equipment that helps Beijing control Web access, and Google ensures that search results on its new Chinese platform, Google.
These companies argue that even with restrictions, their presence in China offers its citizens access to more information than they would otherwise have.
Students searching for "Republic of China" on Google. The same search done in the U. Infollowing the Communists' victory, 2 million Nationalists led by Chiang Kai-shek fled to Taiwan, which China considers a renegade province. In other cases, the omissions are glaring.
Searches for "Tiananmen Square" on Google. The company puts a disclosure of censorship at the bottom of Web pages: House of Representatives subcommittee.
Congressman Tom Lantos of California, the only Holocaust survivor in Congress, also compared the companies' activities to those of firms that aided Hitler and the Nazis. Some users complain that the search engine doesn't reveal what the censors are hiding, only that something is being censored. You could see what was blocked," said Liu Xiaobo, a Chinese dissident.
But the censors may have an increasingly difficult job. Should companies like Google agree to work with oppressive governments, in the hope that the spread of information eventually empowers citizens? Or should they disengage, sacrificing revenue and perhaps the chance to foster democratic values?
The Chinese government considers Internet information it doesn't like as a foreign interference. American search-engine companies operating in China have engaged in all of the following activities except a selling China's government equipment that aids in restricting access to Web sites.
One is the removal of photos of the Tiananmen Square massacre.
The other, more subtle, manipulation relates to a Taiwan. Critics say China censors certain types of information because much of the information in question a is false or misleading.
Briefly describe how executives of the search-engine companies mentioned in the article defend their business activities in China.Yet Google's conduct in China has in recent months seemed considerably less than idealistic.
In January, a few months after Lee opened the Beijing office, the company announced it would be introducing a new version of its. Google may be changing its tune when it comes to the largest single market for internet users.
The technology giant is reportedly readying to relaunch its search engine in China, and unlike the.
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"Google's China Problem" identifies two omissions in the Chinese version of Google. One is the removal of photos of the Tiananmen Square massacre. The other, more subtle, manipulation relates to.
Criticism of Google includes aggressive and contrived tax avoidance, misuse and manipulation of search results, its use of others' intellectual property, concerns that its compilation of data may violate people's privacy, censorship of search results and content, and the energy consumption of its servers as well as concerns over traditional business issues such as monopoly, restraint of trade.
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